Mobility ecosystems are transitioning as economies recover and move to zero-emission road transport by 2030. The aim of this session is to enhance global collaboration on the path to inclusive and sustainable mobility recovery.

The economic damage and costly business disruption brought on by the global spread of the COVID-19 virus have failed to slow the gathering momentum behind environmental sustainability and the array of efforts to battle climate change.

After decades of doubt on the part of business leaders, sustainability is delivering ROI. Businesses, investors, consumers, governments and others see it as a source of post-pandemic resiliency, efficiency and competitive advantage. Why is it proving durable now? 

1. A green recovery could be a stronger one

“A low-carbon recovery could not only significantly reduce emissions, but also create more jobs and economic growth than a high-carbon recovery would,” McKinsey says.

Many industries are doubling down on sustainability investments. Few are backing off. In an Agility survey of 1,200 global supply chain executives, 72% of respondents said their companies will maintain or increase their environmental sustainability commitments coming out of the pandemic.

Want more proof? In May, the International Energy Agency slashed its forecast for the amount of renewable energy capacity to be added worldwide in 2020. But by year’s end, the IEA was forced to backtrack.

“The renewables industry has adapted quickly to the challenges of the COVID crisis. We have revised the IEA forecast for global renewable capacity additions in 2020 upwards by 18% from our previous update in May. Supply chain disruptions and construction delays slowed the progress of renewable energy projects in the first six months of 2020. However, construction of plants and manufacturing activity ramped up again quickly, and logistical challenges have been mostly resolved with the easing of cross-border restrictions since mid-May,” the IEA says.

72% of respondents said their companies will maintain or increase their environmental sustainability commitments coming out of the pandemic.

2. Investors want more

Global asset managers want in on sustainability. In 2020, they poured more than $5 billion into so-called blank-check companies created to invest in businesses that are driven by environmental, social or governance (ESG) principles or formed to bring ESG ideas to market.

“Capital markets are wide open for investment in green businesses in a way that they’ve never been before: Interest rates are at historical lows, technology costs have fallen, and financial regulators are beginning to nudge investors, so the risk-reward equation is beginning to shift,” says Dickon Pinner, who leads McKinsey’s global Sustainability practice.

There were 20 ESG-focused blank-check companies — also known as Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) – launched last year, according to Pitchbook.  (Agility said in January that it invested $35 million in Queen’s Gambit Growth Capital, a blank-check company that will target businesses offering sustainable solutions in clean energy, healthcare, financial technology, industrials, mobility and emerging technology.)

3. It’s a culture thing now

A report by SAP and media firm Which-50 indicated a “strong shift to sustainability” among the corporations tracked by consultants and research firms such as BCG, Gartner, Juniper and Forrester.

“Sustainability has shifted from a discussion largely driven by compliance to one at the centre of business strategy,” says Which-50.

Companies are taking aggressive steps to stay ahead of the pack. VF Corp., parent of Timberland, North Face and Vans brands, is one of many companies drilling deeper into their own supply chains. VF’s traceability mapping gives the company a view of its tier 1 through tier 4 suppliers. In a show of transparency, VF has posted 46 of 100 anticipated product maps online.

4. Businesses can’t afford to be out of step with consumers

In a recent survey of European consumers, 57% of respondents said they had made significant changes to their lifestyles to ease the environmental impact. More than 60% said they were taking steps to recycle and buy products in environmentally friendly packaging.

“Consumer behavior and changing tastes are all moving in the direction of sustainability and adding pressure on companies and brands to do the same,” says Mohammed Esa, Agility GIL’s Senior Vice President of Global Business Development. “Social media plays a big role because it gives consumers a much bigger voice than they ever had.”

5. There is competition … and cooperation

Thousands of companies have announced ambitious goals. Apple, for instance, vows to be carbon-neutral by 2030.

Fifty-three companies signed the Climate Pledge, co-founded by Amazon, committing to getting themselves to net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 – 10 years ahead of the Paris Agreement. The pledge requires them to adopt rigorous reporting, cut emissions and neutralize remaining emissions with credible offsets. Climate Pledge signatories include Microsoft, IBM, Johnson Controls, Unilever, Canary Wharf Group, Uber, Henkel, Siemens, Mercedes-Benz, Infosys, Real Betis, Daabon Group,

Another group has promised to share best practices for achieving net-zero emissions. The Transform to Net Zero initiative includes Maersk, Danone, Mercedes-Benz, Microsoft, Natura & Co., Nike, Starbucks, Unilever, and Wipro. The initiative makes business plans and other resources available online.

6. Technology is making it easier

TextileGenesis, based in Hong Kong and India, is one of many apparel companies adopting blockchain so it can track the sourcing of raw materials through to production and shipment of finished garments.

The fashion and apparel industry is moving to introduce sustainable materials such as recycled cotton, lyocell (made from wood pulp) and viscose (made from wood) in place of less environmentally friendly fibers like polyester and nylon, which contain petroleum, coal and chemicals. Blockchain would help apparel manufacturers source, track and certify their use of the new materials.

Piramal Glass, an Indian company that makes bottles and glass packaging for the pharma, cosmetics and perfume industries, is using blockchain to get supply chain transparency and auditability.    

Another important advance is the use of digital or virtual twinning.

The flood of data available from the Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing makes it possible and cost effective to create digital “twins” that model and simulate processes with potential to deliver environmental benefits.

“This pairing of the virtual and physical worlds allows analysis of data and monitoring of systems to head off problems before they even occur, prevent downtime, develop new opportunities and even plan for the future by using simulations,” says Forbes.

The Port of Rotterdam is using digital twinning to model automation, design and sustainability features that are part of its push to become “the world’s smartest port.” Twinning gives port planners the ability to virtually test use of autonomous ships, “digital handshakes” for documentation exchanged between vessels and the port, and emissions-lowering port call practices. 

Without digital twinning, port officials would have no way to test the transformational processes  without disrupting operations at a sprawling port that handles 8.8 million containers and 15 million twenty-foot equivalent units a year.

“In a virtual environment, we can verify and validate solutions before the real tests begin, maturing solutions much faster. We also don’t have the safety risks or hazards we would in real-life tests and that’s why this digital environment is better and faster for development and validation work,” says Karno Tenovuo, CEO of Awake.AI, the Finnish company that is Rotterdam’s smart-port development partner.

Tenovuo says ports will able to lower CO2 emissions 10% by adopting the features and optimization methods that will be harnessed in Rotterdam.

7. The ocean industry is racing to catch up

Slow to embrace sustainability, the maritime logistics industry is now an area to watch.

Leading container lines and ports are working on standards for a just-in-time port call process that would eliminate wasteful delays and dwell times. JIT port calls would allow ships to optimize steaming speed, lower fuel use, cut CO2 emissions, and avoid getting stranded outside ports waiting for berthing slots.

Singapore’s futuristic Tuas port is being built to handle 65 million TEUs a year. By consolidating existing container-handling facilities at a single location, Singapore will cut inter-terminal trucking hauls and emissions. Reused and recycled materials make up half of the land reclamation work, and the port is moving sensitive coral colonies that would have been damaged by the construction.

Maersk, the world’s largest container line, is accelerating development and deployment of the world’s first carbon-neutral container ship. Maersk says the vessel, a smaller ship known as a feeder, will run on biomethanol, made from paper-mill waste and other byproducts. It will join the Maersk fleet in 2023.

RightShip, a maritime risk-management company, created a ratings system to compare the efficiency of different cargo ships, along with operational performance used to score ships on safety. RightShip ratings allow shippers to choose vessels with lower CO2 footprints, better fuel efficiency, and higher safety ratings.

8. There are carrots to go with sticks

European Union companies that rely on imports from South Asia are promising broader market access, training and gap assessments for Sri Lankan exporters whose products can meet international sustainability standards.

The initial group of Sri Lankan companies are providers of rubber, apparel and food products, but a German and EU business delegation has agreed to help Sri Lanka extend the project to its critical tourism sector.

Banks and venture capital firms are offering preferential terms to companies that agree to meet environmental criteria, such as reporting CO2 emissions and implementing emissions-reduction strategies.

9. The sticks are real

In early 2020, BlackRock, the world’s largest asset manager, notified hundreds of listed companies in its portfolio that it had started to factor environmental issues and performance into its investment decisions.

A year later, BlackRock told its own investors that it had voted against the management of 53 companies – including some of the biggest global names in manufacturing and industrial supply – because those companies failed to “make sufficient progress regarding climate risk disclosure or management.”

Too many companies still rely strictly on internal data to get a picture of their supply chains. To strengthen their post-pandemic supply chains and drive sustainability, many realize they need to exchange data with suppliers and customers.

10. There’s nowhere to hide

Seventy-percent of shippers look at sustainability as part of RFPs, and more are requiring their vendors to report on sustainability metrics on a regular basis. They want to know about fuel efficiency; CO2 emissions; alternative fuel use; personnel & staffing devoted to sustainability; and fleet age.

Climate TRACE, an alliance of climate research groups, is close to launch of an initiative that will track and publish greenhouse gas emissions traceable to individual factories and ships.

“Our work will be extremely granular in focus – down to specific power plants, ships, factories, and more. Our goal is to actively track and verify all significant human-caused GHG emissions worldwide with unprecedented levels of detail and speed,” the alliance founders say.

Climate TRACE will give business leaders, investors, NGOs and climate activists a powerful tool “while ensuring that no one – corporation, country, or otherwise – will ever again have the ability to hide or fake their emissions data.”

Businesses that regularly transport goods often ask an important question: What is green distribution, and is it a feasible way to reduce the impact on our planet? Green distribution refers to logistics practices that minimize environmental harm. It is possible to make greener choices across the supply chain, including storage, order processing, packaging, and final-mile delivery. Green logistics reduce waste and emissions—ideal for businesses that hope to shrink their carbon footprint.    

Green distribution is just one solution for a growing problem, but it stands to make a big difference. The European Commission reports that maritime transport alone is responsible for about 2.5 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. The Environmental and Energy Study Institute found that commercial aviation is responsible for about 5 percent of global warming. And the US Environmental Protection Agency reports that containers and packaging comprised 82.2 million tons of municipal solid waste—28.1 percent of all municipal waste produced in the U.S. in 2018. In short, the impact of logistics activities can add up. At Agility, we believe it’s in our collective best interest to do our part for a greener world. That’s why we’re committed to building greener supply chains and educating our clients about how they can ship goods both sustainably and efficiently.

Importance of sustainable distribution methods

Sustainable distribution methods reduce carbon dioxide (CO2), a greenhouse gas causing global warming. These practices also reduce waste and optimize resources to improve the health of our planet and build a better future. And they help businesses take action to make changes that matter to them and their customers.

How does distribution impact your ecological footprint?

Distribution consists of many activities, from packaging to transportation, that have a substantial impact on the earth. One way to think of this is in terms of your organization’s ecological footprint. This term refers to how much of the biological capacity of the planet your business needs in order to operate. Calculating this accurately is far from simple since you must take into consideration everything from the urban infrastructure and roads you rely on for distribution to the waste products and CO2 emissions you produce.

Virtually all businesses contribute to what’s known as ecological overshoot. This is when our collective demand on the Earth’s ecosystem exceeds its ability to absorb our carbon dioxide emissions and regenerate the resources we have used at a rate that keeps pace with our consumption. That’s disheartening, but there’s a lot we can do to reduce overshoot. Even actions as simple as recycling can shrink a company’s ecological footprint. And adopting green distribution methods can make a big difference, especially over a long period.

What are the benefits of sustainable distribution methods?

Hands down, supply chain sustainability is better for the planet. But businesses can achieve many other benefits from striving for sustainability:

  • Increased efficiency: Green distribution practices prioritize efficiency to prevent wasted energy. That could mean anything from packing trucks or shipping containers more efficiently to achieving optimal fuel efficiency during ground transportation. Sometimes, it even comes down to how seamlessly your team works together to get the job done, which could mean less idling equipment. All of that adds up to significant energy savings and reduced carbon emissions. But what’s more, a business that runs smoothly tends to have a happier team, better customer outcomes, and less wasted resources. Since improving operational efficiency tends to be a goal for most businesses, think of this as a win-win for you and the environment.
  • Reduced costs: Needless to say, reducing energy use is better for your bottom line. Even relatively small changes, like remembering to turn off outdoor floodlights during the day, could lead to big savings for your operation. For instance, a 2018 energy audit conducted by researchers found that a Zimbabwean industrial site could achieve annual electricity cost savings of over $50,000 per year simply by improving its lighting technologies. And when one of our customers wanted to decrease supply chain waste by reusing cartons, Agility collaborated with them to double carton reuse and save $128,000 over a period of five years. When you consider that sustainable distribution streamlines many functions across your supply chain, it’s easy to imagine how fast the savings can add up.
  • Improved risk management: Sustainable distribution methods can reduce several kinds of risk for your organization. For one, greener practices are better for the overall health of your employees and the environment surrounding your distribution centers. After all, your business can be liable for issues resulting from harmful practices—like not adhering to regulations for greenhouse gas emissions from commercial trucks. In addition, organizations face risk to their reputations. Customers value environmentally responsible businesses. Irresponsible behavior such as excessive waste generation or failure to take environmentally beneficial actions can ultimately harm your brand.
  • Improved service: Increasing your organization’s efficiency doesn’t just achieve green gains. It leads to satisfied customers. For instance, by streamlining your operations to reduce energy use, you could achieve cost savings and pass them on to consumers. Perhaps more importantly, today’s customers care about making sustainable choices. According to a recent study by Barron’s, two-thirds of North American consumers say they prefer eco-friendly brands. Changes such as switching to recyclable, biodegradable packaging material can help your customers feel better about their purchasing decisions, making them more likely to shop with you again.
  • A competitive edge: Making the effort to go green can lead to a competitive advantage across many areas of your organization—from employee recruitment and retention to positive online reviews. Why? Because green business practices are better for workers, communities, and the planet. Doing your part to protect the environment, such as saving water, switching to renewable energy, and using recycled materials ensures your organization can continue operating sustainably and profitably in the future. If your competitors aren’t doing the same, they’ll struggle to adapt to the values and regulations of the changing business landscape. Finally, committing to sustainable distribution practices is key to keeping your organization top of mind for environmentally conscious consumers. When it comes to communicating your values to your customers, a choice as simple as compostable packing materials speaks volumes.

Getting started with green distribution

Turning a traditional supply chain green doesn’t need to happen overnight. It all starts with breaking down your processes to see how you could make more environmentally friendly choices at every step.

Components of green distribution

Every component in the distribution process has room for improvement. Achieving truly sustainable operations means taking a close look at every leg of your customer’s and product’s journey: 

  • Warehousing: Could your warehouses be greener? Most likely, yes. These buildings tend to be drafty and, in some cases, larger than they need to be. This makes them costly to heat and cool. And of course, heating and cooling processes—along with lighting and warehouse equipment—cause significant CO2 emissions. In addition, warehouse location matters. Distribution centers located few and far between means more miles of ground transportation, leading to more emissions.

    Overhauling your own warehouses or rebuilding from the ground up can be prohibitive, though when constructing new distribution centers, green options abound. For instance, warehouse architecture could minimize wasted space and even maximize natural light to reduce the need for electric lights. That said, there are many ways to improve the warehouses you already have—starting by changing the way you power them. For instance, installing solar photovoltaic roof panels lets you make use of a plentiful resource in shade-free warehouse complexes: the sun. Painting your roof a reflective color can help keep your warehouse cooler and reduce the cost of air conditioning. And hydro and wind power offer alternative energy sources that can replace or minimize your reliance on fossil fuels. These changes can make a big difference in your carbon footprint, not to mention your operational expenses.

    Do you rely on a third party for warehousing? In this case, location is everything. Ideally, choose a warehousing partner with many locations around the country. Having distribution centers convenient to major shipping ports, airports, and urban centers with a high concentration of your customers can help you maximize ground transportation efficiency.
  • Packaging: Unsustainable packaging doesn’t just lead to more waste in landfills. It causes environmental impact at every phase of its life cycle, from material sourcing to transportation to disposal. Packing peanuts made of Polystyrene foam are especially notorious. They aren’t biodegradable and cause harm to fish and wildlife who eat them. In addition, producing packing materials often uses nonrenewable resources, like plastic. NPR reports that emissions from producing and incinerating plastics could amount to fifty-six gigatons of carbon between 2019 and 2050.Fortunately, there are many alternatives on the market. For starters, shippers can choose from packaging materials made from recycled materials, including corrugated cardboard “bubble wrap.” Air pillows are another sustainable packaging idea. Since they’re mostly air, they minimize the material needed to make them but keep products safe during shipping. And lately, many biodegradable packaging materials have entered the market. For instance, cornstarch packaging has plastic-like properties but consists of organic materials. And mushroom packaging uses agricultural waste, so your customers can compost it in their backyards.When evaluating green packaging, consider a few factors. For one, packaging should ideally make use of renewable energy at every stage of its life cycle. That includes materials sourcing, manufacturing, transport, and disposal. In addition, optimized packaging should use renewable and recyclable materials. And finally, it should have a design that is as efficient as possible to minimize waste at every step—and optimize loads for transport too. Even a change as simple as switching from rigid to flexible packaging can increase the volume of goods that fit into a truck, reducing loads and overall emissions.
  • Transportation: In most cases, transportation will be the area of your distribution operations that has the most environmental impact. Vehicles that run on gasoline and diesel emit CO2, the major culprit in environmental issues such as global warming and acid rain. Add to that the fact that fossil fuels are nonrenewable resources, and sourcing them presents an ongoing environmental threat. And ground transportation is not the only source of harmful emissions. Shipping by air and sea—a critical part of the journey for importers and exporters—causes environmental hazards too. Beyond air pollution, ships can release oil and chemicals into the sea, harming water quality and marine life. The same goes for planes, since jet fuel and other chemicals can enter waterways in the form of runoff.So what can you do? For ground transportation, you can use fleets that run on alternative fuels or even invest in electric trucks, which have improved to the point where they’re suitable for long hauls. Other green transportation methods, such as rail, offer another possibility. When shipping by air or sea, consider consolidating goods as much as possible to minimize the number of shipments you make in a given time frame. By packing more efficiently, you could ultimately reduce your carbon footprint. Finally, partner with a freight forwarder that’s committed to sustainability—like Agility. We’ll help you make the necessary changes to your supply chain to ensure a greener journey at every step.

How can existing practices become economically and sustainably refurbished?

Wondering how to develop a green distribution strategy without overhauling every aspect of your operations all at once? In many cases, some adjustments to your existing practices can make a big difference. Here are some tips to help you start transforming your distribution processes—even if it’s just a little at a time:

  • Audit your HVAC system. Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems use a lot of energy, and they aren’t always as efficient as they could be. An HVAC technician can spot inefficiencies and fine-tune your system to save you energy. That’s good for the environment and your bottom line.
  • Invest in insulation. You’ll recoup the costs in no time. Drafty warehouses require much more energy and expense to achieve temperature control. By installing installation, you can heat or cool your warehouse more efficiently and even save wear and tear on your HVAC system.
  • Keep equipment maintained. When equipment isn’t in optimal shape, it may not perform as efficiently. Maintenance also extends the life of the product. Remember, replacing equipment before the end of its life span has an environmental impact too. But when the time is right, look for energy-efficient replacements.
  • Switch to energy-efficient lighting. Today, there are many great options on the market, like light-emitting diodes. Making the upgrade is greener and will reduce your electricity bill.
  • Research new packaging options. It can take some time to find the right packaging solution for your products, so get started now. Biodegradable materials are more eco-friendly and can even make a good impression on your customers. In addition, much of the packaging on the market today is lighter in weight, making it more efficient to ship. That can lead to reduced emissions during transport.
  • Consolidate your shipments. Do you frequently send out less-than-truckload shipments? Consider sending full truckloads, since it’s easier to efficiently pack a full truck with no wasted space. Optimal packing means fewer trucks on the road and less emissions.
  • Change trucking policies. Having clear engine shutdown policies help drivers know how long is too long when it comes to idling. It’s also important to evaluate trucker speed and provide clear guidelines for how fast they can go. That means knowing your vehicles’ optimal range and figuring out the right balance of fuel efficiency and acceptable delivery speed. These kinds of changes can make a big difference when it comes to reducing carbon emissions.
  • Offset your carbon footprint. A good start to going green is to make a donation that offsets your organization’s carbon use. Many organizations offer this service, giving you a way to make contributions to vital projects such as planting trees and restoring the rainforest. Just as importantly, it’s a way to start calculating and becoming conscious of your carbon emissions. After all, awareness is the first step to change.

Best products for green distribution

Today, businesses are fortunate to have many options for achieving green distribution. In particular, the marketplace offers a wealth of better products and packaging to replace unsustainable kinds. When looking for the best products for green distribution, consider the following criteria:

  • Low emissions. Emissions don’t just apply to manufacturing and transport. Products themselves can emit volatile organic compounds and formaldehyde. Always opt for goods that promote good air quality—indoors and out.
  • Choosing products and equipment built to last ultimately leads to less waste. However, when choosing material like packaging, too much unnecessary durability could actually lead to more waste. After all, your customer is only going to recycle or dispose of the materials. So invest in durability when it makes sense.
  • Recycled content. Products that use postconsumer or postindustrial recycled content tend to be the greener choice.
  • Reused content. In some cases, it’s possible to find salvaged or upcycled products. For example, if you’re constructing a warehouse from the ground up, consider incorporating reclaimed materials.
  • Manufacturing process. How was the product made? Items made via natural or renewable resources—such as wood or corn—are more sustainable than those made from nonrenewable resources, such as petroleum. Also, make sure the manufacturing process doesn’t result in toxic by-products that could damage the environment.
  • Supplier location. Products that need to be shipped long distances, or that use imported materials, require more energy throughout the supply chain. If at all possible, choose local, sustainable suppliers.
  • Ozone friendliness. Look for products that don’t contain ozone-depleting substances. For example, aerosol sprays, blowing agents for foams and packing materials, refrigerants, and other substances contain chlorofluorocarbons, which can damage the ozone layer.
  • Sustainable harvesting. This applies to wood or other natural products. Sustainable harvesting or sustainable agriculture uses a set of practices and principles to ensure careful resource management. For instance, instead of clear-cutting woodlands, foresters harvest trees selectively and make sure to leave plenty for the future.
  • To minimize waste, choose products that are recyclable. In particular, look for materials that are suitable for a closed-loop recycling system. Closed-loop recycling is when manufacturers can turn recycled materials into the same products many times over without much loss of quality. For example, it’s possible to recycle glass and metals such as steel again and again. And to minimize waste, avoid single-use products whenever possible.
  • Distributors can’t control whether customers recycle packing material. But with biodegradable materials, at least they know packaging will break down easily in a landfill. Consider that paper products can biodegrade in as little as a few months, whereas plastic bags take five hundred years or longer.

When evaluating the types of packaging most sustainable for green distribution, you need to factor in not just the above criteria but also your performance goals. After all, having your products break during transit isn’t sustainable. Fortunately, there are plenty of great options out there—from corrugated cardboard packing materials to reusable plastic shipping cartons. Your choice comes down to whether a given product’s costs, performance, and sustainability meet your organization’s objectives.

How to achieve green logistics in the transport stage

A key principle of green logistics is minimizing wasted energy and its resulting emissions. You can do that by optimizing cargo space, which helps reduce the number of trips you need to make. In addition, load-planning software takes the guesswork out of logistics planning. Since load optimization involves many factors—from vehicle capacity to load requirements and how far your goods need to travel—logistics companies such as Agility rely on this sophisticated software to plan optimal routes. Rely on us to ensure your shipment gets from point A to point B as efficiently as possible.

Latest green practices in supply chain management

Supply chain management is a constantly evolving field, with new and greener solutions arriving by the day. In part, that’s because green supply chains lead to competitiveness and economic performance. Since sustainability measures increase energy efficiency and rely on cost-efficient recycled products, they’re good for a business’s bottom line.

In fact, Boston Consulting Group found that businesses leading in environmental, social, and governance practices have an 11 percent valuation premium, compared to their competitors. What’s more, the majority of consumers say they are willing to pay a price premium for sustainable goods. As consumers clamor for greener brands, companies must compete to incorporate sustainable practices throughout the value chain. This drives green innovation in pretty much every field—including supply chain management.

How can supply chain leaders incorporate green practices while maintaining profit margins?

Today, supply chain leaders use the following methods to go green while maintaining—or growing—their profits:

  • The green service model. These days, supply chain leaders don’t have to invest in all-new green equipment or the technology that enables logistics efficiency. They can rely on the service model instead. You can find everything from eco-friendly warehouse lighting to alternative energy sources as a service. That means you don’t have to assume the upfront expense, risk, and ongoing maintenance of green solutions. An expert service provider handles everything for a monthly fee.
  • Thinking outside the box. It’s fully possible to combine green distribution practices with the goal of increasing cost efficiency and profits. Supply chain leaders do this every day. For instance, they may discover that new, lighter packaging reduces cargo weight and volume—thereby trimming costs and energy use. Or they may determine that shipping large volumes of goods by ocean freight instead of transporting smaller quantities via air freight is both a cost saver and a more sustainable choice. Don’t be afraid to dive in with both sustainability and profitability in mind and see what creative solutions you come up with.
  • The circular economy. Traditionally, many business processes—including the supply chain—produced a lot of waste that ended up in landfills. Today, supply chain leaders are changing that by giving waste materials a new life. This method is known as the circular economy model, and its possibilities are endless. For instance, businesses could turn recycled content into green products or packaging or sell by-products instead of discarding them.

The challenges of implementing green practices in supply chain management

When trying to improve sustainability performance in the supply chain, businesses tend to struggle with the following areas:

  • Since the field of sustainable supply chain management is still evolving, supply chain leaders may not know the latest facts and best practices.
  • Operational changes. Yes, change can be disruptive. Implementing green initiatives may require you to reimagine ingrained practices or enforce new protocols. In time, these will become your team’s new normal.
  • Finding cost-effective and sustainable materials and equipment—and establishing new supplier relationships—may require time, planning, and upfront costs.
  • When implementing new measures, expect some initial resistance. Communicating the importance and efficacy of sustainable practices—and listening to your team to address snags along the way—is key to going green.

Partner with a green logistics provider

As a leader in green supply chain management, Agility is here to help you develop a more sustainable logistics strategy. Want to explore our services, get a quote, or learn more about our approach to sustainability? 

Contact us

By understanding how green warehouse practices reduce cost, modern companies reap the benefits of improved bottom lines while boosting their corporate image.

Going green proves to stakeholders that a company values sustainability and cares about the larger world outside the corporate conference room. Indeed, research shows that such initiatives are vital to global health now and in the future. And with the right green warehouse practices, the benefit becomes twofold by leading to cost savings as well.

This article covers the cost-effective, competitive advantages of a green warehouse. Discover which green warehouse practices will save you the most money and how to implement them.

Gaining a cost-effective competitive advantage through a green warehouse

Going green provides a competitive advantage, especially considering public interest in green initiatives. Suppose a prospective customer is choosing whether to buy from a company that implements sustainable practices or one that does not. A majority of studies show that all other factors being equal, consumers are more likely to choose the greener option.

Implementing green practices can also lead to cost savings because many green practices center on improving efficiency and reducing waste. Multiple supply chain leaders have achieved significant savings by adopting green practices. For example, Amazon’s data centers run entirely on renewable energy, which costs the company an estimated 10 percent less than using fossil fuel energy.

How supply chain leaders can incorporate green practices while maintaining profit margins

Now more than ever, supply chain leaders consider sustainability efforts to be critically important. In a 2017 survey by EcoVadis and the HEC Paris business school, 97 percent of procurement officers named sustainability as one of their top five priorities. In addition, 75 percent of companies in the survey reported that they took environmental sustainability and social responsibility into account when selecting new suppliers.

Agility has invested in Hyliion, which is developing an electrified powertrain system for Class 8 commercial trucks. The Hypertruck Electric Range Extender (ERX) is a long-haul, fully electric powertrain that will improve vehicle performance, reduce emissions and save on operational costs.

Supply chain leaders also implement supply chain assessments to identify inefficiencies and ways to reduce waste and expense. This leads to cost savings by improving visibility into the supply chain and identifying opportunities for more efficient logistics solutions. Assessments can also pinpoint opportunities for improving environmental impact, such as implementing green procurement systems.

The right technologies and modeling tools also enable higher efficiency and allow companies to optimize their warehouse practices to improve their profit margin. For example, Agility has a modeling tool that enables specialists to work with a nearly infinite number of variables and combinations. These include routes, schedules, inventory requirements, shipping modes, packing density, load configuration, and more. From this data, specialists can model various supply chain strategies and identify ways to optimize their shipping practices, as well as other steps in their supply chains.

How a green warehouse saves you money

Green practices often involve finding ways to improve efficiency through an optimized supply chain, which often benefits not only the environment but also a company’s bottom line. For example, when General Motors established a reusable container program with its suppliers, it reduced disposal costs by $12 million.

The following are some simple examples of how cost savings come about from green practices:

  • Decrease fossil fuel use: Using less fossil fuel leads to cost savings, as long as you don’t accomplish this reduction by spending more on electric transportation or other methods. Practices such as consolidating orders into fewer shipments or optimizing shipping routes, for example, save fuel and fuel costs without requiring you to spend the savings elsewhere.
  • Reduce hazardous materials use: Many chemicals and other materials may be hazardous to humans or the environment. By minimizing reliance on these materials, such as solvents and paint, you save on costs associated with their handling and disposal.
  • Use recyclable or reusable packing materials: Although reusable packing materials may have a higher up-front cost, the ability to reuse them leads to savings in the long run. Recyclable packing materials or materials made from recycled products may be less expensive.
  • Use technology to reduce waste: Technologies such as robotic process automation or warehouse management tools lead to fewer mistakes, conserve time and energy, increase process efficiency, and reduce waste overall.

Saving money on operations through green warehouse practices

Warehouse storage can be expensive. Many of the reasons for high costs have their origins in practices that aren’t green. High energy usage, inefficient storage practices, and warehouse processes that result in waste cost money and impact the environment.

Reducing these inefficiencies and sources of waste can make your warehouse practices greener and more cost effective.

Green warehouse practices

Companies can implement many practices within the warehouse environment that increase efficiency, save money, and promote sustainability. The following are some of the more common green warehouse practices:

  • Storage optimization: Store products in a way that minimizes the total floor space you need for them. Also, consider stacking products on pallets that forklifts can easily handle and move to minimize any expenditures associated with moving these items.
  • Inventory control: Make sure to properly package, label, and store inventory. This minimizes damage, which saves you money while decreasing how much you send to the landfill.
  • Cross-docking: By transferring products directly from the supplier truck to the delivery vehicle bound for the customer, you use fewer resources in the warehouse.
  • Recycling and reusing: Reusing pallets and storage materials when possible saves money and helps the environment. Recycling old materials keeps them out of the landfill and saves on disposal fees.
  • Energy-saving practices: Increasing warehouse insulation, using energy-efficient or natural lighting, and automating lighting can reduce energy costs.
  • Warehouse management: Warehouse management systems (WMS) automate and streamline many processe within the warehouse, reducing expense and waste. For example, it can record inventory locations, direct employees where to store items, and calculate the most efficient sequence for picking items. Warehouse management software also facilitates shipping to customers from the closest warehouse, minimizing transportation use.

Benefits of improved resource efficiency

Practices that take place in the warehouse often impact and reflect practices throughout the larger supply chain. Therefore, improvements in warehouse operation often lead to improvements in shipping, handling, order management, and more.

Many of these green warehouse practices fall under the category of improving resource efficiency. In other words, the goal is to obtain the maximum useful work with the minimum amount of resources. Those resources may be human workers, energy usage, storage space, time, transportation, packaging, and so on.

For example, suppose a company plans to warehouse one hundred cubic feet of product. The warehouse needs to receive the product from the manufacturer, store the product, and then ship it to customers when they place an order.

However, this total volume is slightly over the maximum for a single forty-eight-inch by forty-inch pallet. If the company decides instead to ship ninety cubic feet at once, it can stack the product on a single pallet and improve resource efficiency. The company can then wait until demand calls for another ninety cubic feet of the product before it ships more to the warehouse. This minimizes storage space, as well as shipping and handling resources.

Cost efficiency of flexible warehousing

With the fast pace of today’s economy, many companies find that flexible warehousing solutions better meet their needs. Flexible warehousing is a warehousing strategy that enables companies to scale their warehouse space up and down by storing inventory in shared warehouse spaces on an as-needed basis. This also includes changing warehousing locations to meet customer demand.

What makes flexible warehousing green is that it only uses the necessary resources rather than securing space that goes unused. It’s also extremely cost effective because companies only pay for the space they’re using instead of reserving the maximum space they may need at all times.

Some warehousing providers specialize in providing flexible warehousing space, not by owning any actual real estate themselves, but by providing companies with open space in warehouses. Third-party logistics (3PL) providers, like Agility, own multiple warehouse sites. These companies also provide a dedicated workforce capable of handling and managing products of all types in a flexible manner.

Often, 3PL providers bring the most efficient, cost-effective, and green solutions because they come with industry expertise, as well as optimal infrastructure. By handling the warehousing needs of multiple companies at once, they can strategically manage storage of all types, often with the help of industry-leading warehouse management software.

Determining the most cost-effective green warehouse practices

With so many different green techniques on the rise, how can companies determine the most cost-effective green warehouse practices? Fortunately, emerging technologies can provide data and models to predict the financial impact of adopting green practices. In addition, there are a wide variety of case studies that can help companies see what has worked well in similar industries.

Best practices for green warehousing

The first step in determining which practices will prove most cost effective requires using data technology. The right technology and tools allow companies to estimate the environmental impacts of new practices, as well as the associated increase or decrease to overall costs.

For example, Agility has a carbon measurement tool, which allows its customers to accurately offset estimated CO2 emissions. Since 2009, Agility has been providing customers with free carbon footprint reports that enable them to track and reduce the amount of emissions created in their supply chains.

Reducing carbon emissions often goes hand in hand with decreasing costs. Green practices typically involve cost-efficient measures such as using renewable energy, reusing resources, and cutting down on packaging materials.

Tools like warehouse management software make it easier for companies to manage and optimize their warehouse processes. Companies can also take advantage of other technology tools that automate packaging, handle procedures that reduce waste, and increase efficiency in a host of other ways.

Best green ways to reduce warehouse costs

Cost-effective green warehouse techniques aren’t one-size-fits-all; the best methods can vary based on factors like a company’s product and the target market. To decide on the best green methods for reducing your warehouse costs, it can be helpful to study how similar companies have found success in implementing green practices.

The following are some examples of practices that have helped companies realize significant cost savings:A sports apparel brand in Indonesia and the Philippines realized $2.2 million in savings by collapsing and stacking unused boxes for future use.

Chilean retail company saw cost savings by using tracking technology. Purchase order visibility and real-time reports enabled proactive vendor contact and tracking, as well as improvements to processing efficiency.

Working with Agility helped a major electronics company meet a tight timeline by selecting a strategically located 14,500-square-meter facility in Algeria. By working with industry experts, the company procured all the necessary equipment, tools, and systems efficiently, minimizing waste and sales losses.

global telecommunications provider created a goods-in-transit center that reduces air cargo weight, transport costs, and carbon emissions on shipments from mainland China and Hong Kong to India.

In general, following green packaging practices and using green packaging materials can help companies reduce costs while remaining environmentally friendly and reducing waste.

Inexpensively implementing green warehouse practices

Some companies avoid implementing green warehouse practices because they fear the cost of doing so. Even though companies may realize cost savings once those practices are in place, the problem lies in the up-front expenses companies must pay to change current practices.

For example, if a company decides to use reusable shipping containers, the new containers’ up-front cost might far exceed the cost of disposable ones. Even though it saves money in the long term, the opportunity cost may dissuade some supply chain managers.

However, by starting with simple steps that reduce waste and increase efficiency, it’s possible to realize long-term cost savings even with a small initial investment. Afterward, you can apply those saved funds toward other green measures with higher opportunity costs.

Tips for transitioning to green warehouse practices

Adopting green warehouse practices doesn’t have to happen all at once and doesn’t need to be an overwhelming proposition. Below are some simple tips that you can implement over time to transition to more sustainable practices:

  • Start small with recycling: Make it a practice to send used packaging materials to a recycling center instead of the landfill. Work with a battery recycler to safely dispose of worn forklift batteries or other similar materials.
  • Upgrade warehouse equipment with sustainable alternatives: As older equipment wears out, replace it with new products that have lower energy requirements and maintenance needs. For example, choose electronic forklifts and pallet jacks, as well as eco-friendly conveyor systems.
  • Make lighting modifications: Installing an energy management system for warehouse lighting allows you to only use lighting when needed. Replacing older bulbs and fixtures with newer energy-efficient LED fixtures can significantly reduce energy use and save money.
  • Consider warehouse layout: A poorly laid out warehouse can reduce efficiency. Look at the process for unloading, storing, and processing products. Identify ways to make the transitions as smooth as possible, without the need for continually rearranging pallets or moving materials across the warehouse floor.
  • Consider warehouse locations: A green warehouse is part of a larger green supply chain. Most of the total supply chain carbon footprint comes from moving items to and from warehouse locations and consumers. Strategically optimizing warehouse locations, storing products as close as possible to large customer centers, and optimizing shipping routes will cut emissions and costs.
  • Consider other warehouse systems: This includes everything from your heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system to your choices for insulation and roofing. Improving insulation reduces heat transfer and saves on expenses related to heating and air-conditioning. A more energy-efficient HVAC system reduces usage and costs. And when it’s time to replace the roof, choose one that is bright and reflective.
  • Transition to eco-friendly packaging: Many options are available on the market, allowing companies to implement green packaging practices that meet their needs. This includes packaging made from recycled paper, mushrooms, cornstarch, organic fabric, and bamboo. These packaging materials are often inexpensive to produce and lightweight, which can reduce shipping emissions and expenses.

Inefficiencies to eliminate to make your warehouse green while on a budget

Making your warehouse green while on a budget requires careful planning. To begin, look over your entire supply chain management process to identify inefficiencies you can easily eliminate to the benefit of the environment, as well as your bottom line.

These inefficiencies may include things like the following:

  • Workflow disorganization: Follow the path a product takes from manufacturer to warehouse/distribution center to consumer. Identify any hiccups along the way, such as delays in transfer, storage times that are longer than needed, or problems with order processing. Remedying the situation may only require simple process changes at no additional cost to you.
  • Lack of carrier mode diversification: Seek to continually build relationships with different carriers, and get quotes for other carrier mode options. By sticking with what you’ve always used before, you might be missing out on less expensive (and more environmentally friendly) options.
  • Lack of proper demand forecasting: By not having accurate estimates of consumer demands, it’s difficult to strategically and efficiently stock products in the right warehouse locations. This leads to using more space than needed, as well as extra transportation expenses. A small investment in quality forecasting software can lead to a significant payoff in the end.
  • Excess packaging usage: Examine your packaging usage and practices. You need to use enough packing materials to keep products safe during storage and transport, but overuse is simply waste. Identify ways to refine and optimize the use of packaging materials.

Eliminating inefficiencies often costs little except the time it takes to identify them and implement new practices. As a result, you might begin realizing cost savings immediately, and the environment will thank you as well.

Reducing costs and improving sustainability with Agility

The two key ways that a green warehouse provides a competitive advantage are by improving company image and decreasing expenses. Anytime you can accomplish the same objectives at a lower cost without reducing quality or other metrics, it’s in your best interest to do so.

One of the most efficient ways to implement green warehouse practices while reducing costs is to partner with a third-party or second-party logistics provider like Agility. Not only does Agility offer scalable warehousing and distribution capabilities worldwide, but it is actively working to build a greener and more equitable supply chain.

Agility has implemented multiple ongoing efforts to reduce hidden environmental and social costs associated with supply chain logistics. Independent sustainability analyst EcoVadis ranks in the top 5 percent industry-wide for environmentally friendly practices.

By partnering with Agility for your warehouse or supply chain solutions, you are working with an industry leader that actively engages in sustainability efforts to support the environment. Contact Agility’s contract logistics team today to learn how it can help you save money while minimizing your impact on the environment.

What is green warehousing? And why is it important in the modern business climate? As the Information Age advances and as Earth continues to suffer the effects of climate change, well-informed consumers demand environmental and social responsibility from businesses, including green warehousing.

Sustainability in business—demonstrated by companies that operate with concern for natural and human resources—can mean increased customer loyalty. Incorporating green logistics into warehousing as part of the supply chain can also yield better business productivity and improve a business’s bottom line.

Applying green trends in warehousing offers nearly immediate return on investment (ROI) plus longer-term global improvements while satisfying stakeholders’ desires.

Today’s green warehousing practices

As warehouse managers consider green warehousing in today’s business climate, they need to know how to measure results and where to find available, effective products and practices.

Key performance indicators in green warehousing

In global supply chains, warehouses produce environmental pollution mostly from heating, cooling, and lighting. Generally, the bigger the warehouse, the larger the carbon footprint. Warehouse managers can measure the carbon footprint of their operations by considering key performance indicators: emissions, natural resource use, and amount of waste and recycling.

Studying total carbon dioxide emissions, as well as energy consumption, water consumption, and rate of product or material use, will reveal areas where companies can apply green initiatives.

For example, a warehouse with a high electricity bill might discover that alternative lighting sources—like natural light, automatic lights, or other renewable energy options—offer savings. Likewise, the discovery that a warehouse consumes large quantities of water from a natural source might inspire change. By installing water flow reduction mechanisms or a rainwater capture system, warehouses can reduce, offset, or optimize water use.

Green warehousing technologies and products available today

After assessing their warehouses to identify logistics solutions for environmental sustainability, businesses have various green warehousing products to consider that will promote sustainable logistics:

  • A warehouse management system (WMS)
  • Order-picking technology
  • Bar coding
  • Radio frequency identification (RFID)

A WMS allows for the digital coordination of stores, distribution centers, and warehouses while coordinating shipping and transportation. Better inventory control through a WMS means green warehouses can operate with the ideal amount of product, thereby reducing excess inventory and maximizing storage space.

Technology to enhance order picking through automation or digitizing can increase accuracy and speed up warehouse orders. Order-picking technology has the added benefit of reducing paper consumption.

Also reducing the need for paper are the sustainable distribution practices of bar coding and RFID. These technologies improve processes and increase the visibility of goods throughout the supply chain.

Additional sustainable products include skylights to let in natural light, ceiling fans to control warehouse temperature, energy-efficient lights and fixtures, green building materials, and building insulation. Eco-friendly warehouses reduce waste, another important principle of sustainable business.

Challenges facing green logistics today

Implementing green initiatives along the supply chain is difficult. But with the right tools and management practices, companies can confront any number of challenges:

  • The vastness of the global supply chain: Supply chain logistics covers a wide range of shipping types, routes, sizes, configurations, and more. Lessening environmental impact across the entire network can be challenging.
  • Fewer green solutions for warehousing: Compared to other parts of the supply chain, such as transportation, fewer green solutions exist for warehousing. Yet many of the available solutions prove effective, and the number of solutions is growing.
  • The up-front costs of green warehousing solutions: These costs might prevent some operations from converting. However, the initial investment for green logistics often pays off with time.

Even if the path to green warehousing presents challenges, companies wanting to stand out from their competitors can prioritize sustainability to make a difference in the world and in their accounts.

Effectiveness of green warehousing

In a global market, businesses need to stand out from their competitors. Success hinges on providing consumers with what they want: companies that go green in all aspects of their operations. A green supply chain satisfies stakeholders’ desires while positively impacting operations and finances.

Green warehousing for the bottom line

Thanks to the digital proliferation of information, customers know the environmental impact of their buying habits. Those who want to reduce their carbon footprint seek out companies that prioritize green initiatives, from raw material source to warehouse to packaging to transportation. Conscientious consumers are willing to pay more for green products and services.

Businesses gain a competitive advantage by reducing environmental impact through supply chain management, including through green distribution. And publicizing details of these sustainable practices—such as using solar panels or green building materials—creates customer loyalty because the buyer perceives the company as environmentally responsible.

Benefits of moving to a green economy

Green logistics plays an important part in a larger undertaking: to move the world toward a green economy. A green economy focuses on low carbon emission, is efficient with resources, and is socially inclusive.

Benefits of a green economy include reduced pollution, enhanced efficiency of energy and resources, a slowdown in the loss of biodiversity, and preservation of the services that the ecosystem provides.

A successful green economy allows economic growth and improves people’s ability to coexist with nature. Economic growth might move slowly at first, but the benefits play out in the long run. Lasting benefits of sustainable development include reducing the risks associated with climate change, energy shocks, and water scarcity.

Green practices can also reduce poverty and help developing countries via new export opportunities. Businesses that embrace responsible supply chain practices stage themselves for success in emerging markets.

Results of a greener warehouse on a company’s ROI

Although the benefits of green warehousing might seem intangible or too far off, supply chain managers who invest in going green see a fast ROI.

Energy-efficiency measures, such as switching lighting sources to reduce electricity consumption, have a quick payoff. Installing a WMS could deliver an ROI in a matter of months.

Importance of green warehousing

Because supply chains are a major source of environmental impact in the consumer sector, sustainability in the industry can have a positive impact on the environment.

Importance of green practices for warehouses

As stakeholders demand that businesses reduce their carbon footprints, green practices become increasingly important for eco-friendly warehouses. They must keep up with government regulations, meet insurance requirements, and satisfy the demands of customers.

A green warehouse aims to lessen its environmental impact through practices such as an automated warehouse, lean warehousing, and green building.

Green warehousing to reduce a company’s environmental footprint

Companies can focus on decreasing the carbon footprint of their warehouses through various methods:

  • Decreasing demand for electricity: Companies can accomplish this by reducing heating, cooling, and lighting demands, by generating power on site, or by taking advantage of energy management systems.
  • Reducing waste: Companies can limit waste by ensuring efficient inventory management, going paperless, and using eco-friendly packaging.
  • Building warehouses efficiently: By cutting back on the size of warehouses, building vertically, or using green building materials, companies can diminish their footprints on the land itself.

Goals of green warehousing

As a strategy, sustainable logistics aims to reduce environmental costs, resource waste, and business risks—moving the world toward a green economy. And with a strategic approach to supply chain sustainability in the warehouse, a company can accomplish many of its green goals.

The future of green warehousing

The warehousing industry continues to evolve, finding new ways to improve operations and reduce environmental impact. Green warehouses, whether new or retrofitted, have allowed leaders to emerge among warehouse operators, and the principles they use can help transform warehouses around the world.

Projected features of new green warehouses

New green warehouses prioritize efficiency and sustainability. Features of eco-friendly warehouses include the following:

  • Recycling areas
  • Solar panels or other power-generating features
  • Xeriscaping and drought-tolerant plants
  • Green building practices
  • Skylights
  • Roofs and walls that are appropriate for the climate
  • Low-emitting paint
  • Energy-efficient lighting
  • Regionally sourced building materials

Leaders in the green warehouse movement

Warehouse operators that stand out in the warehouse industry for embracing green warehousing practices include many well-known brands. For example, retail and outdoor recreation services consumer cooperative Recreational Equipment Inc. designed a net-zero energy distribution center in Arizona.

Another outdoor apparel company, Patagonia, embraced sustainable concepts and materials for energy efficiency in its Nevada warehouse construction and expansion. And Amazon, an online retailer and cloud services provider with fulfillment centers worldwide, states that it is working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve resource efficiency across the globe.

Conscientious companies, including Agility, operate under guidance from the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals to end poverty and protect the planet. Two of those goals promote affordable, clean energy and climate action, and both apply to green warehousing.

Tips for green warehousing

As you look for ways to create a more sustainable business, consider these green warehousing tips:

  • Use natural or efficient lighting.
  • Go paperless.
  • Reduce warehouse waste.
  • Reduce heating and cooling needs.
  • Employ warehouse automation.
  • Use eco-friendly packaging.
  • Use green building materials.

Going for a green warehouse

Through green warehousing, supply chain operators and warehouse managers can increase their stakeholders’ satisfaction, as well as their own financial and environmental sustainability.

Agility’s supply chain solutions promote modern infrastructure and green warehouses built to world-class standards. Look to Agility to help your company reduce its social and environmental costs and boost its sustainability.

Insights from Frank Clary, VP for Sustainability at Agility

In only a few months, the COVID-19 virus has been responsible for tens of thousands of deaths, with cases in 180 countries. The global pandemic has overwhelmed health systems in highly-developed markets, including Italy and Spain. Informed by the devastating impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on more developed countries with strong health systems, the humanitarian community is coming to terms with what could happen in vulnerable countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, already challenged with weaker institutions and networks.

Cascading, systemic risk in vulnerable countries

The combined weakness of core systems – health, telecom, education, food, transport, and others – means vulnerable countries face what are called cascading risks. Upon actualization of one risk, in this case, a health system overwhelmed by a global pandemic, more systemic risks are actualized, leading to the combined collapse of core systems, and potentially complete societal collapse.

In a country with many poor and vulnerable citizens, governments have limited levers that they can pull to help prevent or slow community spread. Many people live day-to-day and risk loss of livelihood if they self-isolate. Many live in precarious, crowded situations where self-isolation is not possible. It will not be possible to control community spread of the virus in communities where individuals must work every day to survive.

A shortage of personal protection equipment (PPE), already an issue in many countries in Europe and North America, precipitously increases the infection rate of first responders. Once infected, first responders cannot conduct tests, contact tracing, or treat patients. With first responders incapacitated, the public health system is considerably weakened, which could increase infection rates and contribute to significant death toll.

Humanitarian supply chains  

In a humanitarian emergency, logistics is critically important for saving lives, and typically accounts for 75-80 percent of total spend. This crisis will be no different. The logistics challenge is particularly acute due to the global nature of this crisis, now that more than 50 countries currently restrict the export of medical supplies, including India, where a large proportion of the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) used in medicines originate.

Agility is working together with other logistics companies that make up part of the Logistics Emergency Team which supports the Logistics Cluster, led by the United Nations World Food Programme. The companies are creating a dynamic database of information that will be essential to ensure that the 40+ essential items on the WHO’s COVID-19 Disease Commodity Package get to vulnerable countries. The exercise includes data collection and analysis of 4 key factors critical for fast humanitarian response.

  • Geographies of risk: which populations are most at risk of systemic failures?
  • Export restrictions for countries that are producing essential items
  • Import restrictions in vulnerable countries that apply to these essential items
  • Capacity constraints for air, ocean and road freight from production countries to vulnerable countries

The sooner test kits, PPE and other essential goods can get to people who need them, the more likely these countries can manage the crisis before it gets out of hand. Agility is also donating warehouse space for storage of humanitarian supplies in Ghana, Malaysia and Dubai.

At the same time, Agility is leveraging its global network, and particularly relationships with suppliers and local governments in emerging markets to get up-to-date information on how the situation is changing. Agility’s COVID-19 Global Shipping Updates are maintained by a network of logistics service providers all over the world, offering information in real time from their countries, as the situation evolves.

A Call to Action: we all can help vulnerable countries respond to COVID-19

For this global crisis, what you do to build resilience in your community, your company, or your supply chain affects the quantity and availability of life-saving products for vulnerable countries. We must keep life-saving cargo moving. 

For logistics companies: share information that we can share with humanitarian organizations, particularly in terms of fast-changing export and import restrictions and available capacity

For shippers: collaborate closely with your freight forwarders, carriers, and others – especially for pharmaceutical industry. Sky-high air freight rates and capacity shortages are prompting players to go it alone, just when we need to work together to bring costs down and free up capacity. Collaboration between stakeholders can improve asset utilization, which could help bring costs down and overcome capacity constraints on some critical trade lanes.

For governments: governments need to ensure that exports of humanitarian supplies to vulnerable countries continue, especially to countries unable to limit community spread and to locations where cascading system breakdowns could lead to heavy loss of life and societal collapse. Catastrophe in vulnerable countries will prolong the global crisis for everyone. Particularly for those countries that are ramping up production of PPE and life-saving equipment, it is important to work with humanitarian organizations to consider how to ensure that humanitarian cargo is able to flow freely to vulnerable populations.

For individuals: self-isolate, and reserve PPE and medicines for first-responders who really need them to do things such as contact tracing, testing and treating patients. The faster communities recover, the more expertise, PPE and other life-saving commodities will be available in the global supply chain to reach more vulnerable populations.


The global trade system has a responsibility now to keep cargo moving in order to protect vulnerable populations. #keepcargomoving

Originally published at the WEF Agenda blog on January 17th, 2019
This article is part of the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting

  • Sustainable trade will require the participation of emerging economies.
  • Finding the right balance between sustainability and economics is crucial.
  • The technology exists; the real barrier is changing existing mindsets.
  • Eliminating avoidable emissions is a good starting point.

Getting to zero emissions in logistics is a daunting prospect. Developing zero-emissions fuels and vessels is a critical pathway forward, but this approach has its limitations. In a cost-driven industry, a high-cost, high-risk focus on zero-emissions technology may position many players in emerging markets as part of the dirty past – not the clean future. We need a pragmatic approach that balances high-tech practices with practical ones that offer a role for everyone. We can reduce avoidable emissions through more efficient supply chains, but we need to shift mindsets. That’s where we should take immediate steps while continuing the longer journey.

Without the willing participation of emerging market players, a sustainable future for global trade is at risk.

Trade is growing most and fastest in emerging markets, with the growth of import volumes into Asia’s emerging markets as an example. In 2018, developing economies accounted for 64% of seaborne trade. Engaging this majority of actors is essential for the success of the zero-emissions project.

At the same time, we need to balance the environmental with the social and economic aspects of sustainability. If we require investment in new vessels and bunkering infrastructure to participate in global value chains, some actors will simply not comply, and will be left out – and if a port or a country is left out, so are its small and medium-sized firms (SMEs). For SMEs in these markets, accessing global value chains is critical to achieving stable growth and creating jobs. Keep in mind that SMEs contribute over 50% to GDP and account for two-thirds of formal employment in many countries.

Even in mature markets, the largest industry players can’t agree on who should cover the cost of transitioning to a zero-emissions logistics industry.

Logistics is a highly cost-sensitive industry. Just consider that second-generation biofuels are commercially viable, but not available, because no one is yet willing to consistently pay higher costs to ship goods. When given a chance, only a handful of shippers choose the environment over cost. The industry consensus is that a global fuel levy will be necessary to incorporate the social cost of carbon into fuel costs – but action on this has stalled, because oil companies don’t think it’s fair that they shoulder most of the cost burden, even if that cost is ultimately passed on.

Will emerging markets be able to afford the transition to cleaner fuels?

Transitioning to new fuels will be expensive in the short term. Recent research by the Global Maritime Agency – due to be published in late January – estimates that out of up to $1.9 trillion in investments needed to fully decarbonize maritime shipping by 2050, only 13% is for ships. The remaining 87% would be for land-based infrastructure and production facilities for alternative fuels. The International Renewable Energy Agency says “any shift toward a cleaner sector will require important changes to port terminal infrastructure and operational equipment [see chart below], as well as daily operational practices”.

Infrastructure and equipment will demand the lion’s share of investment
Image: IRENA

Consider coastal African countries, or Viet Nam, where newly-discovered offshore oil resources have the potential to drive considerable growth. How should these countries consider these potential assets in a zero-emissions future? Should they not plan to benefit from their natural resources? Should they, instead, invest in port infrastructure for zero-emissions fuels that they will likely need to import? Is that fair?

The industry should mobilize around practical, system-level approaches to address avoidable emissions across supply chains.

No matter what the fuels of the future will be, it will be useful to reduce the total amount of fuel needed to power global trade. More fuel-efficient transport modes, supply-chain optimization and operational efficiency should be prioritized for their emissions-reducing potential. These solutions are not, and cannot be mode-specific, but must address global logistics as a system.

A guide to the trade-offs involved
Image: Authors / IRENA

To address avoidable emissions, data-informed optimization across modes and supply chains deserves more industry attention.

Avoidable emissions are embedded into inefficiencies at every step along the supply chain. It’s tough to measure their contribution to overall transport emissions, but the share could be substantial. Consider that in many markets, sometimes more than 40% of trucks on the road at any given time are moving empty, and a much greater percentage are underutilized.

Beyond individual shippers or supply chains, optimization across the logistics system makes better use of transport assets across a country’s distribution network, or back and forth along a trade lane. On a global scale, the containerization of US agricultural exports addressed the asymmetry of cargo flows between the US and China. Digital freight booking platforms, like Cargo X in Brazil, can drastically improve asset utilization, reducing trips, kilometres, costs and emissions. In the US, when Ocean Spray and Tropicana, two fruit juice competitors, collaborated to enable sharing of empty refrigerated rail boxcars, both parties reduced transport costs, and Ocean Spray’s emissions were reduced by one-third.

The barrier isn’t tech. It’s mindset. How do we shift it?

Logistics is full of myriad actors with high levels of interdependence and competing interests, and this drives down costs. Fierce competition leads to such low prices in road freight that often it is cheaper to send a dedicated truck less than half full than it is to use a small freight carrier. From this baseline, how can industry players work together – in ways that preserve competition – for incremental environmental gains?

First, emissions should be a measured key performance indicator against which supply chain performance is evaluated. For example, some shippers have instituted an internal carbon price. Other sustainability performance rankings can help, both internally and for third-party service providers, but we must be careful to avoid the proliferation of varying questionnaires, and include incentives to improve environmental performance. Immediate exclusion of carriers that can’t meet high environmental standards won’t shift behaviour, and may bankrupt smaller players.

Second, we need to amplify the message about the business case. Logistics services providers can use their visibility across supply chains to identify collaboration opportunities and estimate cost and emissions savings, so shippers can visualize lost value. We all must be retrained and our data systems redesigned to actively look for these opportunities. When collaboration is successful, we need to transparently communicate these stories to clarify what’s possible and set higher environmental aspirations.

Reducing avoidable emissions alone won’t get us to zero. But this approach is open to everyone everywhere, starting now, and it can save fossil fuels in the present, and open the door to zero-carbon fuels in the future.

As environmental, social, labor and governance imperatives come into sharper focus, the business case (again) for putting sustainability at the core of a company’s strategy.

Growing evidence suggests that businesses everywhere are putting sustainability at the core of their strategic thinking, planning and operations after decades of disconnect between their stated objectives and actions.

Sustainability is finally being embedded into business activity. One reason is that corporate data and academic research have begun to show a return on sustainable initiatives and practices, particularly at companies willing to broaden their definition of Return on Investment and adopt longer time horizons.

Another reason is the growing clamor from a spectrum of stakeholders – consumers, B2B customers, insurers, institutional and individual investors, regulators, community leaders, watchdog groups, employees and job candidates – for companies to demonstrate that they are responsible actors.

The sustainability movement is maturing. Considerations about social and environmental impact are shaping nearly every facet of corporate activity – nowhere more than the supply chain.

“Customers used to think about things in isolation like greening a warehouse, measuring CO2, or getting more visibility into their suppliers,” says Mariam Al-Foudery, Agility Group Chief Marketing Officer, who oversees sustainability and corporate social responsibility.

“Now more customers are looking at the whole supply chain and identifying practices that are connected and mutually reinforcing, things that have impact across business units and operational locations over the long-term.”

In a 2017 survey by EcoVadis and the HEC Paris business school, 97 percent of procurement officers surveyed listed sustainability as one of their top five priorities. Seventy-five percent of responding companies said they were using sustainability and corporate social responsibility criteria when selecting new suppliers.

What is sustainability?

Sustainable businesses try to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. They focus on good treatment of employees, impact on the environment, impact on local communities, and business relationships with suppliers and customers.

“Sustainable procurement is no longer a nice-to-have – it’s an integral business function responsible for protecting and improving brand reputation, driving revenue and mitigating business risk,” says Pierre-Francois Thaler, co-CEO of EcoVadis, an independent group that provides business sustainability ratings and analysis.

Not everyone is as enthusiastic

Yossi Sheffi, director of the MIT Center for Transportation & Logistics, says sustainability advocates have succeeded in framing the issue as one of “profits versus planet” or “societal good versus corporate evil.” He says that narrative ignores the role of businesses and their supply chains to provide jobs and deliver improved living standards. Sheffi argues that there is a difficult balance to strike and that the real friction is between those demanding environmental stewardship and people who seek jobs and affordable goods.

“Companies are championing their environmental credentials in glossy reports, speeches and media interviews,” Sheffi writes. “At the same time, however, many will admit, off the record, either that they do not believe in the need for this effort, or more commonly, that current initiatives do not meet any reasonable cost-benefit test even if global warming is real and the danger acute.”

Better processes

Others insist there is mounting evidence that sustainability adds real value.

“Embedded sustainability efforts clearly result in a positive impact on business performance,” according to a Harvard Business Review article co-authored by Tensie Whelan, director of the Center for Sustainable Business at New York University’s Stern School of Business. (See Q&A on page 10).

Whelan and her co-authors argue that sustainability delivers significant cost savings from increased operational efficiency and that it drives companies to innovate by creating better processes, new products and equipment, and improved working conditions.

When sustainability is part of corporate DNA, it can “engender enthusiasm from employees, customers, suppliers, communities and investors,” the HBR authors conclude.

The Sustainable Business Council says there is ample research to show that sustainability lowers the cost of capital, results in better operational performance, and has a positive effect on stock price. Sustainability is a major factor in building and protecting corporate value, the SBC says. Consulting firm McKinsey has estimated that the value at stake from sustainability concerns is as high as 70% of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.

“Forty years ago, the bulk of a company’s value linked directly to its tangible assets,” the SBC says. “Now only about a fifth relates to a company’s financial performance and physical assets. The rest reflects intangible assets like brand, intellectual property, and whether a business has a social license to operate.”

When sustainability is part of corporate DNA, it can “engender enthusiasm from employees, customers, suppliers, communities and investors.”

BY 2035:
THE CHANGING ENERGY PICTURE

  • Fossil-fueled cars will require 40 percent less fuel to go one mile.
  • Energy intensity – the amount of energy required to produce a unit of GDP – will be half what it was in 2013. (Traffic congestion can cost as much as four percent of a country’s GDP.)
  • Demand for electricity will grow twice as fast as energy demand for transport.
  • Seventy-seven percent of new electrical capacity will come from wind and solar; 13 percent from hydro. (Installed cost of solar has fallen by 70 percent since 2009.)
  • The population will have grown by 1.5 billion.

Source: McKinsey Sustainability & Resources Productivity

Agility innovation

Like its customers, Agility is taking aggressive steps to get greener. It is working with carriers to slash CO2 emissions, rethinking warehouse construction and management, piloting use of solar energy in building cooling, and investing in energy-recapture technology for trucks.

Mindful of its social impact, Agility pioneered protections and standards for workers in the Middle East more than a decade ago and has been a leader in sharing best practices and publicly advocating for stronger protections. In 2017, Agility introduced its first stakeholder policy, laying out goals and commitments to protect the environment, safeguard workers rights, improve communities where it operates, and be responsive to the needs and concerns of a variety of different interests.

“The biggest challenge for us and most logistics providers is on the customer side,” Al-Foudery says. “Customers want strategies, tools and technology to help them meet their sustainability goals.” One such tool gives Agility customers the ability to compare and optimize the environmental impact and cost of individual shipments using a nearly infinite variety of shipment types, routes, load sizes and configurations, and other factors.

Zero-impact target

A leading apparel powerhouse approached Agility with the goal of building sustainability into the design and manufacturer of its vast, globally sourced product line. Agility worked with the customer to create an information and standards framework and to build measurement and performance targets into its supply chain.

The apparel customer’s objective is a low/zero-impact, closed-loop supply chain: dramatic cuts in CO2 emissions and energy per unit of manufacture; facilities running 100 percent on renewable energy; 0 percent waste; doubling of supply chain efficiency every 18 months to two years.

“That can be scary, but customers with big, ambitious goals are sometimes the easiest to work with because they’re totally committed. They will take risks in order to become leaders,” Al-Foudery says. “They’re ready to innovate and break from established practices and willing to reward partners who help them achieve their goals.”

Sustainability efforts by consumer products companies and retailers typically get more visibility than those of B2B companies.

Alarmed by oceanic pollution, Nestle, Procter & Gamble, Coca-Cola and Unilever are among those searching for alternatives to plastics from fossil fuel polymers.

Supply chain priority

“The typical consumer company’s supply chain creates far greater social and environmental costs than its own operations, accounting for more than 80 percent of greenhouse-gas emissions and more than 90 percent of the impact on air, land, water, biodiversity, and geological resources,” McKinsey says. “Most of the environmental impact associated with the consumer sector is embedded in supply chains.”

Ethical Corp. estimates that there are about 400 sustainability labels, including Fairtrade, which got its start in 1992 but is being overtaken by alternatives. Sainsbury’s, the UK supermarket chain, is among those that have shifted from the third-party Fairtrade certification, creating its own “Fairly Traded” label.

Unilever and Nike are recognized leaders on environmental and social initiatives. Campbell Soup works with farmers to optimize fertilizer use and improve soil conservation. Walmart gives suppliers incentives for their sustainability performance. Alarmed by oceanic pollution, Nestle, Procter & Gamble, Coca-Cola and Unilever are among those searching for alternatives to plastics from fossil fuel polymers. Target, Keurig and others are pushing suppliers of industrial plastic items such as crates and trash bins to use more “post-consumer” material.

Worker rights

The safeguarding of worker rights and improvement in working conditions is often the most difficult issue on the sustainability agenda.

Five years after the Rana Plaza factory collapse that killed 1,100 garment industry workers in Bangladesh, independent assessments report improvement in factory safety and monitoring by the government and local companies. But two organizations representing western brands and retailers recently said local authorities still aren’t prepared to assume responsibility for policing safety standards.

Worker rights can be a contentious issue even for global leaders such as Nike, which developed many of the best practices now used by apparel brands and manufacturers. Nike has voiced objections to advocacy groups positioning themselves as third-party auditors, arguing that there is a conflict of interest for groups that are both campaigning and auditing. For their part, advocacy groups say many audits go too easy on brands and manufacturers.

But failure to tackle environmental and social risks can have punishing consequences. Apparel companies that contracted with Rana Plaza garment makers fell from lists of most-reputable companies in the aftermath of the tragedy. Aussie GrainCorp reported that drought cut its grain deliveries by 23 percent and led to a 64 percent drop in 2014 profits. Unilever estimated that it loses 300 million euros a year as worsening water scarcity and declining agricultural productivity contribute to higher food costs.

It is through experimentation and innovation, not spreadsheet projections, that viable sustainable business models emerge.

The business case for sustainability

Forum for the Future, an international sustainability nonprofit, says the companies set to benefit are those that can “capture the less tangible benefits as well as direct financial savings, for example, the clear reputational benefits of the initiative.”

The business-case numbers “are much ‘softer’ than decision-makers are used to,” the Forum says. As a result, “companies get stuck in a vicious cycle: they want a business case before giving permission to go-ahead with a project, but the information to build a business case can only be generated from the experience of going ahead.”

George Mason University professor Gregory Unruh says it’s time to look at the business case for sustainability a bit differently. “Multi-dimensional sustainability value is just hard to fit into a discounted cashflow analysis,” he writes.

Despite being hard to measure, Unruh writes, “investors are now realizing that sustainability performance feeds the long-term bottom line. And that’s causing managers to question traditional business thinking. So instead of spending time building a perfect business case, many are pursuing business model innovation experimentation, taking a page from Silicon Valley start-ups. It is through experimentation and innovation, not spreadsheet projections, that viable sustainable business models emerge.”